Governance is “the exercise of economic, political and administrative authority to manage a country's affairs at all levels.  It comprises the mechanisms, processes and institutions, through which citizens and groups articulate their interests, exercise their legal rights, meet their obligations and mediate their differences (UNDP 1997). In order to say that governance is good, UNDP further states that the it should be “participatory, transparent, accountable, effective, equitable, promotes the rule of law, addresses priorities and makes decisions based on broad consensus, including especially the concerns of the poorest and the most vulnerable in society; and formulates a strategic vision to achieve sustainable human development.”

The Philippine Framework Plan for Women describes good governance that is gender-responsive as one that enhances the abilities of women and men to contribute to and benefit from development.